As soon as two or more people talk to each other, they speak of a conversation or dialogue.
In the literature the dialogue is mainly used in drama . The drama would not be possible without dialogue. This is because the action is carried out, the conflicts over speech and counter-speech are developed and the persons are characterized. In addition, the audience can recognize the relationship between the different persons by means of the dialogue.
But one can also find dialogue in every literary genre. It serves the author to express different perspectives, views and opinions.
In addition, the author can react directly to the speech of their conversation partner with the dialogue figures.

There are also literary texts in which there are no dialogues, but mostly the dialogue between the protagonists makes the text more lively. For this reason, there are many dialogues in children’s literature today.
The opposite of dialogueless narratives are whole Dialogromans . This novel form is also called a dramatic novel or lesedrama because the text, as in a drama, consists almost entirely of dialogues and the narrator seems to disappear completely behind the characters. In contrast to the drama there are no instructions for the actors in Dialogromanen and also the action is not divided into acts and scenes. For the author of a dialog-roman wants his text to be read in the first place and not listed.
But poetry can also be found in lyric poetry , although poems are known to express thoughts, feelings, and observations of only one individual.
In this dialogue poem (an unknown poet), for example, father and son speaks to each other:

The little student

“Hans, my son, what are you doing?”
“Father, I study.”
“Hans, my son, you can not!”
“Father, I try.”

History of the dialogue

The first dialogues already existed in ancient times more than 2000 years ago. They were then used by Greek philosophers, in order to render various views of a problem or a realization vivid.

Dialogue as an independent literary form was also introduced by a Greek philosopher: Plato. Plato’s Socratic dialogues are lectures about morality and world-view. In this, the view of various conversation partners is disregarded by the chief figure of Socrates, who was Plato’s teacher. Socrates is regarded as a founder of the art of conversation by his philosophical dialogues. His conversations actually existed, but they were held only verbally in public places. Plato later wrote down these dialogues and edited them literary.
In the Middle Ages, long conversations were interrupted from the multi-voice conversations , which were sometimes interrupted by interviews. In contrast, however, there was a vernacular form of poetry and the armed poem was discussed in either an exchange of words about the strengths and weaknesses of the opponent or on general issues and debated.
In Humanism in the 15th / 16th Century and in the Enlightenment in the 17th / 18th century. The dialogue was particularly important for theologians and philosophers. With his help, people should be concerned with a certain mental attitude and be enlightened about the connections of social or even religious life.
The dialogue did not always serve only a positive or a good purpose. In religious writings, he was often used to portray believers of another religion. And he was also used as a vehement argument against political opponents.
Overall, the history of the dialogue is parallel to the history of literature and the history of the mind. While, for example, in the classical period the dialogues were written somewhat dignified and worn, the Romantics emanated more in gloomy dialogues.
With the return of the drama behind the novel in the middle and late 19th century, the dialogue becomes less frequent.
Today dialogues often take place publicly – only not on streets and squares, as in antiquity, but in different media. For example, in TV talkshows, radio interviews or Internet forums. Discussions are primarily about politics, culture and society. Overall, the history of the dialogue is parallel to the history of literature and the history of the mind. While, for example, in the classical period the dialogues were written somewhat dignified and worn, the romantics emanate more in the form of enthusiastic dialogues. With the return of the drama behind the novel in the middle and late 19th century, the dialogue becomes less frequent. Today dialogues often take place publicly – only not on streets and squares, as in antiquity, but in different media. For example, in TV talkshows, radio interviews or Internet forums. Discussions are primarily about politics, culture and society. Overall, the history of the dialogue is parallel to the history of literature and the history of the mind. While, for example, in the classical period the dialogues were written somewhat dignified and worn, the romantics emanate more in the form of enthusiastic dialogues. With the return of the drama behind the novel in the middle and late 19th century, the dialogue becomes less frequent. Today dialogues often take place publicly – only not on streets and squares, as in antiquity, but in different media. For example, in TV talkshows, radio interviews or internet forums. Discussions are primarily about politics, culture and society. While, for example, in the classical period, the dialogues were written somewhat dignified and worn, the romantics emanated more in the form of enthusiastic dialogues. With the return of the drama behind the novel in the middle and late 19th century, the dialogue becomes less frequent. Today dialogues often take place publicly – only not on streets and squares, as in antiquity, but in different media. For example, in TV talkshows, radio interviews or internet forums. Discussions are primarily about politics, culture and society. While, for example, in the classical period the dialogues were written somewhat dignified and worn, the romantics emanate more in the form of enthusiastic dialogues. With the return of the drama behind the novel in the middle and late 19th century, the dialogue becomes less frequent. Today dialogues often take place publicly – only not on streets and squares, as in antiquity, but in different media. For example, in TV talkshows, radio interviews or Internet forums. Discussions are primarily about politics, culture and society. Today dialogues often take place publicly – only not on streets and squares, as in antiquity, but in different media. For example, in TV talkshows, radio interviews or Internet forums. Discussions are primarily about politics, culture and society. Today dialogues often take place publicly – only not on streets and squares, as in antiquity, but in different media. For example, in TV talkshows, radio interviews or internet forums. Discussions are primarily about politics, culture and society.